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FAQs on Laser Vein Treatment in Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are enlarged, often swollen, twisted veins due to damage to the valves inside them. The valves in veins facilitate blood flow in only one direction, from the rest of the body to the heart. Most of the time, they pose a cosmetic problem but in some cases, varicose veins can cause pain and discomfort.

What is the difference between varicose veins and spider veins?
Varicose veins are usually large and appear twisted and bulged (due to the swelling). They are clearly seen as swelling along the vein. Spider veins are very tiny but visible blood vessels right under the skin. Spider veins typically develop on the face and legs while varicose veins are often seen on thighs, backs, and front of the calves (above the ankle and below the knee of legs).

What causes varicose veins (or veins to bulge)?
Veins and Arteries in the body have valves inside them. These valves allow blood to flow only in one direction. (Veins – from other parts of the body to the heart; Arteries – from the heart to other parts of the body). When the valves in the veins are damaged (for some reason unknown), the blood doesn’t flow to the heart and just gets stagnated in the region resulting in swelling of the vein along its path. Possible causes of varicose veins are heredity, pregnancy, hormonal changes in the body, overweight or obesity, sitting or standing for extended periods of time, age, injury to veins, etc.

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
Typically varicose pose a cosmetic issue but some people with varicose veins feel aching or burning sensation in their legs, swelling of ankles, leg cramps, itching on the skin around the swollen vein area, etc. Skin ulcers can also be a result of varicose veins.

What are the treatment options for varicose veins?
Whatever may be the treatment method chosen, ultimate idea is to close (shut off) the damaged vein and divert the blood flow through good veins. The blocking of veins is done using any of the following procedures that your doctor thinks is right:
– Endovenous laser treatment
– Transilluminated powered phlebectomy
– Radiofrequency ablation
– Ligation and Stripping
– Surgical removal of varicose veins

What is the Nd: Yag laser used in treating varicose veins?
The Yag laser is used to treat or fade the spider veins. The tiny veins are blocked using the energy from the laser and eventually, the veins are absorbed by the body effectively removing the veins from the affected area. The laser works without cutting the top layer of the skin. (Non-ablative treatment).

What is the typical recovery time after Nd: Yag laser treatment for varicose veins?
The typical recovery time is 2 weeks after laser treatment. The patient may feel like a severe sunburn and the doctor will advise him/her to apply topical creams to reduce the burning sensation in the area.

Is there any clinic in Chennai that employs laser treatment for varicose veins?
Laser Vein Clinic is one of the finest vein clinics offering laser treatment for varicose veins, spider veins, venous ulcer treatment, and other vascular diseases. The doctors here are highly trained and highly experienced professionals practicing medicine for 28 years. If you compare varicose veins laser treatment before and after, you will see a marked difference.

What are the possible complications of varicose vein surgery?
In most cases, treatment for varicose veins has no side effects or complications. In some rare cases, the patient may see bleeding, blood clots in the vein of the leg causing inflammation, and a condition called ‘Chronic Venous Insufficiency’. Chronic Venous Insufficiency is a condition when the skin does not exchange oxygen, nutrients, and waste products with the blood properly because of poor blood flow.

What are the risk factors of varicose veins?
While there are no clear-cut reasons, medical experts have figured out some conditions that they believe might be risk factors for the development of varicose veins. They include:
– Menopause
– Pregnancy
– Age over 50 years
– A profession that involves sitting or standing for long hours
– Heredity
– Obesity or being overweight


Spider Veins on Face and Feet

Blood vessels when enlarged or dilated for various reasons can result in ‘Spider Veins’, also called ‘Broken blood vessels’.  They are small, reddish or purple or blue-ish in colour and look like spider web.  Spider Veins can form on any part of the body but typically they are commonly seen on face and feet/legs.  Spider veins are not harmful but when they come up on face, the person may become more self-conscious and opt for treatment.

What causes spider veins?

Broken blood vessels can be caused due to various factors such as:

  1. Genetics – The problem of spider veins formation can come through genetics (inheritance).

  1. Pregnancy – It is very common for pregnant women to develop spider veins due to the increase in estrogen levels.  They usually go away on their own after delivery.

  1. Rosacea – This is a skin condition that causes redness and flushing of skin.  Spider veins are commonly seen with people suffering from erythematotelangiectatic rosacea.

  1. Exposure to sun light can enlarge blood vessels in some people. Sun burn to such people causes the skin to peel off and the enlarged blood vessels can become visible.

  1. Weather changes, environmental or chemical irritants can cause spider veins on the body.

  1. Excessive alcohol consumption can enlarge blood vessels and cause spider veins.

  1. Vomiting or Sneezing – When a person vomits or sneezes, large amount of blood flows into the face. This can cause sudden enlargement and breaking of blood vessels.

Diagnosis of spider veins

If you find spider web like (or reddish lines which look like the roots of a tree), it is better to consult a doctor, specifically a veins specialist in your city for confirmation.  He/she may suggest you some medication or advise for other treatments if you think are concerned with your appearance.

Your specialist may also let you know if the underlying cause is rosacea or any other medical condition.

Treatment of spider veins

Some medical treatment options for Spider Veins include:

  1. Application of Retinoids – topical creams containing retinoids help in reducing the appearance of spider veins.

  1. Laser therapy – The application of laser beam on the spider veins can rid of them by completely destroying them.

  1. Intense pulsed light – This is similar to the laser therapy but in this advanced therapy, the pulsed light penetrates into the inner layers of the skin without harming the outer layer.

  1. Sclerotherapy – This is a little painful process. In this process, saline water is injected into the veins of the affected area effectively closing them. As a result, the blood flowing through these veins will be rerouted through other veins and these spider veins will fade away in a few weeks.

Irrespective of any treatment that you may undergo, please make sure that you consult an experienced veins specialist in your area. 

Preventing spider veins on face or feet

  1. Limit sun exposure – If sun burn is causing the appearance of spider veins, you need to limit your time for sun exposure. Wear sunscreen whenever you have to go out in the sun.

  1. Avoid extreme heat surroundings – Avoid stepping out in hot weather, spas or saunas. Unless your work mandates you to be in heat surroundings (such as furnaces, blowers etc) try to avoid them as much as you can.

  1. Drink responsibly – Too much of alcohol is not good for your body, not only wrt causing spider veins. Limiting the amount of alcohol intake can do more good to your body.

  1. Cover your body when you go out to run/jog/cycle or play sports.  Use protective gear as per the sport as injuries can also cause spider veins.

Prevention is better than cure. Try to take enough precautions and avoid spider veins.  If the appearance of spider veins on your face start bothering you, please see an expert veins doctor and get the treatment done.  Should you need any medical advice on treating spider veins on your face and legs, please call us at +91 7904 016 493 for an appointment.

Difference between Varicose and Spider veins

Spider Veins Vs Varicose Veins

If you have read through any of our other blog articles, by now you would be familiar with what varicose veins are, how varicose veins are formed and what are the available treatment options at our clinic and elsewhere in Chennai.

Spider veins are small, typically damaged veins that can become visible on the surface of the skin, usually skin or face. They are not painful or harmful. How and why do these spider veins form?

Veins carry blood to our heart. They are a one way channel similar to arteries which does the opposite job. They contain valves which restrict the flow of blood in only one direction. When these valves are damaged or become weak for various reasons such as age or any other reason, the blood will not be moved to the heart easily and gets stuck in that areas causing them to bulge. These bulged veins are called spider veins and the colour one can notice is red, blue or purple.

Difference between Spider Veins and Varicose Veins:

Varicose veins are larger and more prominently visible when they form. They form as lumps or twisted and doesn’t have any colour most of the times. Some times, they may look red in colour.

Whereas spider veins are small, thin lines that may be little raised than varicose veins. They are often blue, red or purple and the colour is clearly visible in most cases.

Symptoms of varicose veins:

  1. Pain
  2. Itching
  3. Bleeding
  4. Swelling of legs and/or ankles
  5. Pain and heavy feeling in legs.

What causes spider veins?

As said, when the valves inside the veins become weak, the veins swell / bulge causing this condition. Some prefer to get them treated and some will leave it as it is because they are not painful or harmful. Most people get it done for cosmetic reasons. Here are some risk factors that result in Spider Veins:

  1. Pregnancy – Due to higher blood flow during pregnancy, some women might notice spider veins in legs. Most of the times, they disappear after delivery but for some, they remain permanent.
  2. Women are more susceptible to spider veins than men.
  3. Spider veins form for some who are old. Age is a factor, with age, the valves in the veins weaken causing this condition.
  4. Being overweight, sitting for a long time, sun damage, genetics are other reasons why spider veins are formed.

Treatment options for spider veins:

Mostly they are harmless but as said, some prefer to get them treated for cosmetic reasons.

  1. If these spider veins are formed on legs, compression stockings can help reduce the swelling. 

Types of compression stockings:

  1. Support pantyhose – they provide light pressure on the veins
  2. Gradient compression stockings and socks – for medium pressure
  3. Prescription compression stockings – for maximum pressure to legs and feet.
  • Sclerotherapy and closure system

In this type of treatment, an irritant is injected directly into the affected vein. When the walls of veins get irritated, they stop the blood flow through them in that area. This can reduce swelling and makes the vein to shrink in size.

Who can perform this procedure?

  1. Dermatologists
  2. Veins specialist (at Laser Vein Clinic)
  3. Plastic Surgeons
  4. Cosmetic Surgeons
  5. Trained Nurses.
  6. Laser Treatment (Our specialty)

Our trained professionals use laser to treat spider veins that are smaller than 3mm and are closer to the surface of the skin. The strong laser causes the veins to clot and dry up as a result of which they get dis-coloured and shrink.  This is a preferred approach than the injection method because it is less invasive and can be treated as day procedure.

  • Endovenous Laser Therapy (EVLT)

This method is employed to treat spider veins and small varicose veins. Doctor / The specialist will have to make a small incision in the affected vein and inserts a laser fiber. This fiber applies heat directly to the vein and causes it to collapse. However, this may take up to a year to make the swelling to disappear.  This procedure is done under local anesthesia.