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Best Hospital for Vascular Disease Treatment in Chennai

How Varicose Veins Affect the Skin

Varicose veins are a common, yet sometimes misunderstood condition that affects millions of
people around the world. Many people do not understand varicose veins’ impact on the skin,
including discoloration, swelling and aching. For those who suffer from varicose veins, it is
essential to be aware of how these veins can affect their skin to stay healthy.


Causes of Varicose Veins


Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that can be seen just beneath the surface of the
skin. They are caused by various factors that include:


 A genetic predisposition means that if a family member has varicose veins you may
be more likely to have them.


 Pregnancy and ageing since both conditions weaken the walls of the veins and reduce
their elasticity.


 Prolonged standing or sitting in one position for extended periods.


 Obesity or being overweight puts pressure on the legs and increases blood flow back
to the heart.


 Hormones such as estrogen can weaken vein walls over time causing bulging veins.
Impact on Skin Health


Varicose veins can have a significant impact on the skin surrounding them. It is vital to be
aware of the signs and symptoms of varicose veins to seek proper treatment for vein
treatment in Chennai. The signs and symptoms of varicose veins include:


 Visible swollen, twisted, or bulging veins that are usually dark blue or purple.
 Itching and burning sensations near affected areas
 Dryness and thickening of the skin’s surface layer
 Red-brown patches that can blister or crust over, or open sores that may be painful or
itchy. 
 Additionally, these veins may cause an aching sensation, heaviness, burning and
itching in the affected area.
 In some cases, they can also lead to swelling of the legs and ankles as well as
discoloration of the skin around them.
 Finally, the skin overlying a varicose vein may appear thin with visible redness or even
ulcerations.


Treatment


Varicose veins are a common condition that affects the skin, but luckily, treatment options
are available for those who suffer from this problem. The first step to getting rid of varicose
veins is to speak with a doctor or medical professional at the best hospital for vein issues 
and select a suitable treatment option.


Conservative treatments like compression stockings and elevating the legs help reduce
symptoms such as fatigue, heaviness, itching, burning and swelling. They are available
without a prescription in pharmacies and online stores in different sizes for both men and
women. 

Other treatment options include lifestyle modifications to more advanced techniques like sclerotherapy, endovenous laser ablation or laser treatment for veins problems, phlebectomy, and surgical ligation. The recent and advanced Laser Varicose Vein Treatment in Chennai are non-invasive therapy that can help shrink large or unsightly veins without any surgery or downtime. 


Additionally, stay active and maintain a healthy weight by following a balanced diet. Regular
exercise helps promote circulation in your legs, reducing pressure on your veins and helping
prevent varicose veins from forming or worsening. 


Ultimately, individuals should always consult with their healthcare provider before beginning
any treatment plan for this condition.

Is It Safe to Treat Varicose Veins During Pregnancy?

One of the top five leading causes of varicose veins is pregnancy. About 40% of pregnant women are affected by varicose veins. There is a high possibility that varicose veins that more commonly appear during pregnancy would regress in the postnatal period. Moreso, the primary concern during pregnancy is the safety of the mother and unborn child. Hence, it is ethical to inform pregnant women about this possibility and also make them aware that interventional treatment of varicose veins is not absolutely necessary during pregnancy. Normally, a pregnant woman should not be considered for interventional treatment of varicose veins unless in exceptional circumstances such as bleeding varicosities, where interventions could become unavoidable. However, a vascular surgeon for the best varicose vein treatment in Chennai is required to assess the risk and benefits of the interventional treatment to be offered in pregnant women.

It is safe to naturally treat varicose veins during pregnancy

Increased blood volume during pregnancy puts increased pressure on the veins and harms them. Varicose veins are seen commonly as enlarged veins in the legs but can appear on the buttocks and vaginal area during pregnancy. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, like increased progestin levels, can dilate or open the veins and lead to varicose veins. The additional pressure that the uterus puts on the inferior vena cava during pregnancy can further contribute to varicose veins. All these changes are more likely to reverse and become normal within a few months of childbirth. Varicose veins during pregnancy are generally harmless, but the itchy, heavy, and uncomfortable feeling of affected areas can become a bother. Natural remedies that help alleviate the causes of varicose veins during pregnancy are safe treatment methods to find relief and avoid severity. 

Preventative measures are the best treatment options for varicose veins during pregnancy

Varicose veins can be hereditary, and the circulatory changes that occur during pregnancy are unavoidable. Factors that can increase the risk of developing varicose veins during pregnancy include:

1. Diet – Intake of too much sodium or too less fiber or water can make the body retain water and increase the risk of varicose veins during pregnancy.

2. Weight – Carrying excess body weight is a more common cause of varicose veins.

Though these factors may make a woman susceptible to varicose veins, there are some ways to prevent or minimize them.

Stay in motion to treat varicose veins during pregnancy

Sitting or standing in the same place for too long is one of the worst things to do that affects the veins during pregnancy. To get the blood flowing through the veins, it is necessary to keep moving every 30 minutes or so.

Daily exercise is a safe way to treat varicose veins during pregnancy 

It will work wonders if a workout routine is set up at the beginning stages and carried throughout pregnancy. Extra endorphins can help balance hormones that go off balance at times of pregnancy. Simple exercise such as walking for 30-60 minutes a day is a great way to help manage weight during pregnancy. Exercise is also a great way to keep the blood flow consistent and keep veins healthy. 

Use compression Stockings during pregnancy to safely treat varicose veins 

Compression stockings work as a fabulous tool during pregnancy. Work that demands sitting or standing for long periods of time while being pregnant can hamper blood circulation and wearing compression stockings at such times can keep the circulation moving. Support hose can help counteract the increased pressure within the veins. Full hose or thigh-high stockings are the best option during pregnancy. Compression garments are generally advised as part of treatment for varicose in Chennai. Can be worn in the morning and taken off while going to bed. Putting on compression stockings when heading out for daily walk is also a good aid for vein health.

Everyday tips to treat varicose veins during pregnancy

There are other steps that can help relieve symptoms or prevent varicose veins from getting worse during pregnancy. They include:

1. Feelings of heavy aching legs that seem to have given up at the end of the day are main symptoms of varicose veins. Vein issues that may result from tired legs can be combated by lying down with legs elevated above the level of the heart to take the pressure off the veins and allow gravity to aid the natural flow of blood from the lower legs all the way up to the heart. Feet can be propped up on a pillow to help the blood flow while sleeping.

2. Sleeping on the left side will prevent the uterus from pushing against the veins in the abdomen, helps keep pressure off from the main veins, keeps blood out of the legs, and thus supports in maintaining the circulation strong. 

3. Cut down on salt because too much salt in the food pulls more fluid into the blood vessels which may increase the pressure in the veins. Excess fluid can move out into the tissues of the leg and ankle, making them swell. 

4. Drinking plenty of water helps the body to maintain proper fluid balance. Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water will help prevent the discomfort and strain of constipation leading to varicose veins or hemorrhoids in pregnancy.

5. Avoiding high heels and other uncomfortable shoes can prevent strain on the calf muscles and the pooling of blood in the veins of the legs. Using comfortable shoes that allow feet and veins to breathe can avoid restriction of calf muscle movement and prevent varicosities.

6. Sitting cross-legged with one leg over the other blocks the flow of blood through the veins in the legs and can cause pressure to build up. So, it is better to not sit cross-legged.

Varicose veins of pregnancy usually disappear on their own in the months following the baby’s birth. If it so happens that varicose veins continue to cause problems or are unsightly, minimally invasive procedures like varicose veins laser treatment in Chennai can be pursued to eliminate varicosed vessels for good.

FAQs on Laser Vein Treatment in Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are enlarged, often swollen, twisted veins due to damage to the valves inside them. The valves in veins facilitate blood flow in only one direction, from the rest of the body to the heart. Most of the time, they pose a cosmetic problem but in some cases, varicose veins can cause pain and discomfort.


What is the difference between varicose veins and spider veins?
Varicose veins are usually large and appear twisted and bulged (due to the swelling). They are clearly seen as swelling along the vein. Spider veins are very tiny but visible blood vessels right under the skin. Spider veins typically develop on the face and legs while varicose veins are often seen on thighs, backs, and front of the calves (above the ankle and below the knee of legs).


What causes varicose veins (or veins to bulge)?
Veins and Arteries in the body have valves inside them. These valves allow blood to flow only in one direction. (Veins – from other parts of the body to the heart; Arteries – from the heart to other parts of the body). When the valves in the veins are damaged (for some reason unknown), the blood doesn’t flow to the heart and just gets stagnated in the region resulting in swelling of the vein along its path. Possible causes of varicose veins are heredity, pregnancy, hormonal changes in the body, overweight or obesity, sitting or standing for extended periods of time, age, injury to veins, etc.

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
Typically varicose pose a cosmetic issue but some people with varicose veins feel aching or burning sensation in their legs, swelling of ankles, leg cramps, itching on the skin around the swollen vein area, etc. Skin ulcers can also be a result of varicose veins.


What are the treatment options for varicose veins?
Whatever may be the treatment method chosen, ultimate idea is to close (shut off) the damaged vein and divert the blood flow through good veins. The blocking of veins is done using any of the following procedures that your doctor thinks is right:
– Endovenous laser treatment
– Transilluminated powered phlebectomy
– Radiofrequency ablation
Sclerotherapy
– Ligation and Stripping
– Surgical removal of varicose veins


What is the Nd: Yag laser used in treating varicose veins?
The Yag laser is used to treat or fade the spider veins. The tiny veins are blocked using the energy from the laser and eventually, the veins are absorbed by the body effectively removing the veins from the affected area. The laser works without cutting the top layer of the skin. (Non-ablative treatment).


What is the typical recovery time after Nd: Yag laser treatment for varicose veins?
The typical recovery time is 2 weeks after laser treatment. The patient may feel like a severe sunburn and the doctor will advise him/her to apply topical creams to reduce the burning sensation in the area.


Is there any clinic in Chennai that employs laser treatment for varicose veins?
Laser Vein Clinic is one of the finest vein clinics offering laser treatment for varicose veins, spider veins, venous ulcer treatment, and other vascular diseases. The doctors here are highly trained and highly experienced professionals practicing medicine for 28 years. If you compare varicose veins laser treatment before and after, you will see a marked difference.


What are the possible complications of varicose vein surgery?
In most cases, treatment for varicose veins has no side effects or complications. In some rare cases, the patient may see bleeding, blood clots in the vein of the leg causing inflammation, and a condition called ‘Chronic Venous Insufficiency’. Chronic Venous Insufficiency is a condition when the skin does not exchange oxygen, nutrients, and waste products with the blood properly because of poor blood flow.


What are the risk factors of varicose veins?
While there are no clear-cut reasons, medical experts have figured out some conditions that they believe might be risk factors for the development of varicose veins. They include:
– Menopause
– Pregnancy
– Age over 50 years
– A profession that involves sitting or standing for long hours
– Heredity
– Obesity or being overweight

Reference:
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/240129
https://www.peachmedicalgroup.com/blog/laser-spider-vein-treatment-faq-and-patient-instructions
https://www.hearthousenj.com/services/vein-center/frequently-asked-questions/