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Best Hospital for Vascular Disease Treatment in Chennai

Ways to Manage Your Varicose Veins

Varicose veins occur when the veins in the human body become enlarged, dilated, and overfilled with blood. The veins appear swollen and raised, have a bluish-purple or red colour and are often painful. It is a common condition in women.

Causes of varicose veins

Varicose veins occur when the veins fail to function. Veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward, and when these valves fail, blood begins to collect in the veins rather than continuing towards the heart.’

Some potential causes for varicose veins include:

1. Pregnancy

2. Menopause

3. Age over 50

4. Standing for long periods

5. Obesity

6. Family history of varicose veins

Symptoms

The primary symptoms of varicose veins are visible on the legs. Some may have pain, swelling, heaviness, or even achiness over or around the enlarged veins. In severe cases, if the veins bleed significantly, ulcers can form.

Treatment

Varicose veins treatment includes self-care measures, compression stockings, and surgeries or procedures. Treating varicose veins is often done as an outpatient procedure, hence, the patients can go home on the same day.

Self-care – exercise and raising the legs when sitting or lying can help ease the pain of varicose veins and might prevent them from getting worse.

Wearing compression stockings the whole day is the first approach to try. It squeezes the legs, helping veins and leg muscles move blood more efficiently. These are available at most pharmacies.

Doctors even recommend surgery or other procedures like:

1. Sclerotherapy – In this procedure, the health care provider injects the varicose veins with a solution or foam that scars and closes those veins. Within a few weeks, the treated varicose veins fade.

2. Laser treatment – Varicose veins laser treatment in Chennai provides laser treatment by bursting light onto the vein, which makes the vein slowly fade and disappear. It does not require any cuts or needles.

3. Catheter-based procedures using radiofrequency or laser energy – Besides laser treatment for varicose veins in Chennai, this procedure is the preferred treatment for larger varicose veins. A thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an enlarged vein and heats the tip of the catheter using either radiofrequency or laser energy. When the catheter is removed, the heat destroys the vein, causing it to collapse and seal shut. When people search for a varicose vein clinic near me, they often get the names of the clinic that provide this kind of surgery.

  • Lifestyle and home remedies :
  • Moving or walking is a great way to encourage blood flow in the legs. Hence, the doctors recommend an appropriate activity level.
  • Managing weight or shedding excess pounds takes unnecessary pressure off the veins.
  • Avoiding salt or following a low-salt diet to prevent swelling caused by water retention.
  • Choosing proper footwear and avoiding high heels is better for the veins.
  • Avoiding long periods of sitting or standing and changing position frequently encourages blood flow.

Hence, if you are looking for a suitable remedy laser treatment for varicose veins in Chennai is considered the best for its quality and safety procedure.

Is It Safe to Treat Varicose Veins During Pregnancy?

One of the top five leading causes of varicose veins is pregnancy. About 40% of pregnant women are affected by varicose veins. There is a high possibility that varicose veins that more commonly appear during pregnancy would regress in the postnatal period. Moreso, the primary concern during pregnancy is the safety of the mother and unborn child. Hence, it is ethical to inform pregnant women about this possibility and also make them aware that interventional treatment of varicose veins is not absolutely necessary during pregnancy. Normally, a pregnant woman should not be considered for interventional treatment of varicose veins unless in exceptional circumstances such as bleeding varicosities, where interventions could become unavoidable. However, a vascular surgeon for the best varicose vein treatment in Chennai is required to assess the risk and benefits of the interventional treatment to be offered in pregnant women.

It is safe to naturally treat varicose veins during pregnancy

Increased blood volume during pregnancy puts increased pressure on the veins and harms them. Varicose veins are seen commonly as enlarged veins in the legs but can appear on the buttocks and vaginal area during pregnancy. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, like increased progestin levels, can dilate or open the veins and lead to varicose veins. The additional pressure that the uterus puts on the inferior vena cava during pregnancy can further contribute to varicose veins. All these changes are more likely to reverse and become normal within a few months of childbirth. Varicose veins during pregnancy are generally harmless, but the itchy, heavy, and uncomfortable feeling of affected areas can become a bother. Natural remedies that help alleviate the causes of varicose veins during pregnancy are safe treatment methods to find relief and avoid severity. 

Preventative measures are the best treatment options for varicose veins during pregnancy

Varicose veins can be hereditary, and the circulatory changes that occur during pregnancy are unavoidable. Factors that can increase the risk of developing varicose veins during pregnancy include:

1. Diet – Intake of too much sodium or too less fiber or water can make the body retain water and increase the risk of varicose veins during pregnancy.

2. Weight – Carrying excess body weight is a more common cause of varicose veins.

Though these factors may make a woman susceptible to varicose veins, there are some ways to prevent or minimize them.

Stay in motion to treat varicose veins during pregnancy

Sitting or standing in the same place for too long is one of the worst things to do that affects the veins during pregnancy. To get the blood flowing through the veins, it is necessary to keep moving every 30 minutes or so.

Daily exercise is a safe way to treat varicose veins during pregnancy 

It will work wonders if a workout routine is set up at the beginning stages and carried throughout pregnancy. Extra endorphins can help balance hormones that go off balance at times of pregnancy. Simple exercise such as walking for 30-60 minutes a day is a great way to help manage weight during pregnancy. Exercise is also a great way to keep the blood flow consistent and keep veins healthy. 

Use compression Stockings during pregnancy to safely treat varicose veins 

Compression stockings work as a fabulous tool during pregnancy. Work that demands sitting or standing for long periods of time while being pregnant can hamper blood circulation and wearing compression stockings at such times can keep the circulation moving. Support hose can help counteract the increased pressure within the veins. Full hose or thigh-high stockings are the best option during pregnancy. Compression garments are generally advised as part of treatment for varicose in Chennai. Can be worn in the morning and taken off while going to bed. Putting on compression stockings when heading out for daily walk is also a good aid for vein health.

Everyday tips to treat varicose veins during pregnancy

There are other steps that can help relieve symptoms or prevent varicose veins from getting worse during pregnancy. They include:

1. Feelings of heavy aching legs that seem to have given up at the end of the day are main symptoms of varicose veins. Vein issues that may result from tired legs can be combated by lying down with legs elevated above the level of the heart to take the pressure off the veins and allow gravity to aid the natural flow of blood from the lower legs all the way up to the heart. Feet can be propped up on a pillow to help the blood flow while sleeping.

2. Sleeping on the left side will prevent the uterus from pushing against the veins in the abdomen, helps keep pressure off from the main veins, keeps blood out of the legs, and thus supports in maintaining the circulation strong. 

3. Cut down on salt because too much salt in the food pulls more fluid into the blood vessels which may increase the pressure in the veins. Excess fluid can move out into the tissues of the leg and ankle, making them swell. 

4. Drinking plenty of water helps the body to maintain proper fluid balance. Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water will help prevent the discomfort and strain of constipation leading to varicose veins or hemorrhoids in pregnancy.

5. Avoiding high heels and other uncomfortable shoes can prevent strain on the calf muscles and the pooling of blood in the veins of the legs. Using comfortable shoes that allow feet and veins to breathe can avoid restriction of calf muscle movement and prevent varicosities.

6. Sitting cross-legged with one leg over the other blocks the flow of blood through the veins in the legs and can cause pressure to build up. So, it is better to not sit cross-legged.

Varicose veins of pregnancy usually disappear on their own in the months following the baby’s birth. If it so happens that varicose veins continue to cause problems or are unsightly, minimally invasive procedures like varicose veins laser treatment in Chennai can be pursued to eliminate varicosed vessels for good.

Do These Six Exercises to Help with Varicose Veins Prevention

Exercises to Ease Varicose Veins

Blood that accumulates in the legs causes veins to grow or stretch out, which is what is known as varicose veins. You can opt for the best varicose vein treatment in Chennai which will provide the best treatment. You can also engage in moderate exercises that can prevent and treat the symptoms of varicose veins because they are largely brought on by prolonged inactivity in the legs.

Your blood circulation can be improved simply by constantly switching up your sitting or standing position, which helps lessen the quantity of blood that swells your leg veins. Exercise can help prevent varicose veins from growing worse and can also assist with pain and discomfort if you already have them. 

Exercises to Prevent Varicose Veins

1. Walking

Regular walks can help lower your chances of getting varicose veins as blood flow is the primary cause of their development. Walking might also be beneficial for reducing varicose vein discomfort and oedema.

2. Running 

Running can improve cardiovascular health and varicose conditions. It requires your leg muscles to contract and extend. These leg muscles serve as a pump to assist your veins in returning blood to your heart. But when doing these workouts, always use the right walking or running shoes.

3. Leg Lifting

Leg lifts allow folks without access to a gym or home equipment to still strengthen their legs. This entails lying down on the ground with your back up or sitting (on the floor or a chair). This exercise can be performed for numerous minutes and is beneficial in treating or avoiding varicose veins.

4. Cycling

You may use a pedalling machine or bicycle at home to assist your calf muscles to get stronger. You may still try the bicycle leg workouts even if you don’t have the equipment. Raise both of your legs after lying down comfortably with your back on the floor. When you’re ready to start pedalling like you’re on a bicycle, bend your legs at the knees. This keeps the blood flowing through the legs and keeps the clots at bay.

5. Ankle Exercises

Numerous people develop varicose veins around or near the ankles. You can try a variety of ankle exercises, starting with calf lifts. Place your hands in front of a wall or other sturdy object so that you can perform standing calf raises there. With your feet slightly apart, elevate your heels until you are standing on your toes. Hold this posture for a few seconds while using the wall for additional balance support. But for serious symptoms, always opt for the best treatment for varicose veins in Chennai for long-term results.

6. Swimming

Floating or swimming in the water may be very therapeutic for a variety of conditions. It is frequently advised to persons who have joint discomfort. Your legs experience continual pressure and tension throughout the day, but the buoyancy of the water helps to reduce these effects. This can significantly reduce varicose vein-related discomfort and oedema.

Considering risk factors is crucial when receiving therapy. The utmost care and safety are offered by the Best Hospital For Varicose Vein Treatment In Chennai

How to get rid of recurring bulging veins in legs

Have you ever experienced bulging veins in your legs (not varicose)? Veins and Arteries carry blood to and from the heart in the human body. The deoxygenated blood moves back to the heart through veins. Veins have valves that help in moving blood from different parts of the body to the heart. Sometimes, the valves inside the veins malfunction, and instead of sending the blood back to the heart, they push back the blood in the reverse direction. This results in the bulging of the veins that receive the blood flow in reverse. This phenomenon is called ‘Venous Reflux’.

During the treatment of varicose veins, the veins that have malfunctioning valves are disconnected and the veins are ablated (closed) so that the blood does not flow through the malfunctioning valves and reach the heart through other vein pathways.  Most commonly, varicose veins occur in the legs.

What causes recurrence of varicose veins?

If the treatment was not done completely

Surgical treatment of varicose veins involves cutting off the blood flow to the damaged veins and providing an alternative route.  When the damaged veins stop receiving blood back from malfunctioning valves, it shrinks and disappears eventually.   In some cases, the damaged veins may be removed completely.

When treating varicose veins, the treatment has to be extensive. That is, all the malfunctioning valves and veins must be treated. This can happen in multiple sessions. But, if the doctor happens to leave/miss any of the damaged valves and veins without correcting them, varicose veins will come back for obvious reasons.  A duplex ultrasound test will be done to identify all the veins through which the blood is flowing in the legs.

Venous insufficiency, a long term progressive condition

Some patients may have varicose veins through the genes that run in the family. In such cases, varicose veins may only represent the initial phase of venous insufficiency, a long-term progressive condition for which there is no complete cure.  An expert doctor can make up a treatment plan to treat the symptoms of the problem and also plan to reduce the recurrence of varicose veins.

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is an obstructive disease. People suffering from deep vein thrombosis can expect varicose veins to return even after successful treatment.  Such people must be in constant contact with their vascular disease specialist for further courses of action/treatment.

Pregnancy and being overweight

Even if you are successfully treated, varicose veins can return if you do not maintain healthy weight or become pregnant. You will need to be in touch with your vascular surgeon and/or gynecologist and take constant advice to prevent recurrence. Maintaining healthy weight is also very important.  You will be advised to start working out at least 30 minutes every day.

Recurrence of varicose veins also depends on the way the body heals

After surgery, the body tries to heal itself. In this process, new veins may form or the closed veins may open up.  When the new veins are formed and if they are connected to the malfunctioning valves, the bulging of veins can happen again. Similarly, if the closed veins are reopened, the blood flows back into them and results in bulging.

Treatment of (recurring) varicose veins

Many doctors and patients prefer minimally invasive procedures to treat varicose veins. They include:

  1. Laser therapy – an energy beam using laser is focused on the defective veins which will make them fade and go away.
  2. Sclerotherapy – A chemical is injected into small and medium-sized varicose veins which will make them collapse and go away eventually.
  3. RF ablation (Radio Frequency Ablation) – Uses high-frequency radio waves that seal and shut off the varicose veins.
  4. Phlebectomy or ‘vein stripping’ – As the name suggests, this procedure involves removing the vein. This can be combined with other procedures depending on the case and the doctor’s decision. This surgery may be performed as an outpatient procedure.

How can you prevent varicose veins from recurring?

You will need to go to an expert vascular surgeon for treating your varicose veins. An inexperienced or incompetent specialist may leave out (unknowingly) some of the malfunctioning valves and veins that can result in recurrence of varicose veins.

Laser Vein Clinic, Chennai, hosts highly specialized and experienced vascular surgeons who can take care of every minute detail during the treatment of varicose veins. Typical recurrence of varicose veins in patients is around 3 – 5 years and in some cases, it may be even 8 years. Our expert doctors are always approachable post treatment for any medical advice and can help you in preventing or postponing the recurrence of varicose veins.

Spider Veins on Face and Feet

Blood vessels when enlarged or dilated for various reasons can result in ‘Spider Veins’, also called ‘Broken blood vessels’.  They are small, reddish or purple or blue-ish in colour and look like spider web.  Spider Veins can form on any part of the body but typically they are commonly seen on face and feet/legs.  Spider veins are not harmful but when they come up on face, the person may become more self-conscious and opt for treatment.

What causes spider veins?

Broken blood vessels can be caused due to various factors such as:

  1. Genetics – The problem of spider veins formation can come through genetics (inheritance).

  1. Pregnancy – It is very common for pregnant women to develop spider veins due to the increase in estrogen levels.  They usually go away on their own after delivery.

  1. Rosacea – This is a skin condition that causes redness and flushing of skin.  Spider veins are commonly seen with people suffering from erythematotelangiectatic rosacea.

  1. Exposure to sun light can enlarge blood vessels in some people. Sun burn to such people causes the skin to peel off and the enlarged blood vessels can become visible.

  1. Weather changes, environmental or chemical irritants can cause spider veins on the body.

  1. Excessive alcohol consumption can enlarge blood vessels and cause spider veins.

  1. Vomiting or Sneezing – When a person vomits or sneezes, large amount of blood flows into the face. This can cause sudden enlargement and breaking of blood vessels.

Diagnosis of spider veins

If you find spider web like (or reddish lines which look like the roots of a tree), it is better to consult a doctor, specifically a veins specialist in your city for confirmation.  He/she may suggest you some medication or advise for other treatments if you think are concerned with your appearance.

Your specialist may also let you know if the underlying cause is rosacea or any other medical condition.

Treatment of spider veins

Some medical treatment options for Spider Veins include:

  1. Application of Retinoids – topical creams containing retinoids help in reducing the appearance of spider veins.

  1. Laser therapy – The application of laser beam on the spider veins can rid of them by completely destroying them.

  1. Intense pulsed light – This is similar to the laser therapy but in this advanced therapy, the pulsed light penetrates into the inner layers of the skin without harming the outer layer.

  1. Sclerotherapy – This is a little painful process. In this process, saline water is injected into the veins of the affected area effectively closing them. As a result, the blood flowing through these veins will be rerouted through other veins and these spider veins will fade away in a few weeks.

Irrespective of any treatment that you may undergo, please make sure that you consult an experienced veins specialist in your area. 

Preventing spider veins on face or feet

  1. Limit sun exposure – If sun burn is causing the appearance of spider veins, you need to limit your time for sun exposure. Wear sunscreen whenever you have to go out in the sun.

  1. Avoid extreme heat surroundings – Avoid stepping out in hot weather, spas or saunas. Unless your work mandates you to be in heat surroundings (such as furnaces, blowers etc) try to avoid them as much as you can.

  1. Drink responsibly – Too much of alcohol is not good for your body, not only wrt causing spider veins. Limiting the amount of alcohol intake can do more good to your body.

  1. Cover your body when you go out to run/jog/cycle or play sports.  Use protective gear as per the sport as injuries can also cause spider veins.

Prevention is better than cure. Try to take enough precautions and avoid spider veins.  If the appearance of spider veins on your face start bothering you, please see an expert veins doctor and get the treatment done.  Should you need any medical advice on treating spider veins on your face and legs, please call us at +91 7904 016 493 for an appointment.

Difference between Varicose and Spider veins

Spider Veins Vs Varicose Veins

If you have read through any of our other blog articles, by now you would be familiar with what varicose veins are, how varicose veins are formed and what are the available treatment options at our clinic and elsewhere in Chennai.

Spider veins are small, typically damaged veins that can become visible on the surface of the skin, usually skin or face. They are not painful or harmful. How and why do these spider veins form?

Veins carry blood to our heart. They are a one way channel similar to arteries which does the opposite job. They contain valves which restrict the flow of blood in only one direction. When these valves are damaged or become weak for various reasons such as age or any other reason, the blood will not be moved to the heart easily and gets stuck in that areas causing them to bulge. These bulged veins are called spider veins and the colour one can notice is red, blue or purple.

Difference between Spider Veins and Varicose Veins:

Varicose veins are larger and more prominently visible when they form. They form as lumps or twisted and doesn’t have any colour most of the times. Some times, they may look red in colour.

Whereas spider veins are small, thin lines that may be little raised than varicose veins. They are often blue, red or purple and the colour is clearly visible in most cases.

Symptoms of varicose veins:

  1. Pain
  2. Itching
  3. Bleeding
  4. Swelling of legs and/or ankles
  5. Pain and heavy feeling in legs.

What causes spider veins?

As said, when the valves inside the veins become weak, the veins swell / bulge causing this condition. Some prefer to get them treated and some will leave it as it is because they are not painful or harmful. Most people get it done for cosmetic reasons. Here are some risk factors that result in Spider Veins:

  1. Pregnancy – Due to higher blood flow during pregnancy, some women might notice spider veins in legs. Most of the times, they disappear after delivery but for some, they remain permanent.
  2. Women are more susceptible to spider veins than men.
  3. Spider veins form for some who are old. Age is a factor, with age, the valves in the veins weaken causing this condition.
  4. Being overweight, sitting for a long time, sun damage, genetics are other reasons why spider veins are formed.

Treatment options for spider veins:

Mostly they are harmless but as said, some prefer to get them treated for cosmetic reasons.

  1. If these spider veins are formed on legs, compression stockings can help reduce the swelling. 

Types of compression stockings:

  1. Support pantyhose – they provide light pressure on the veins
  2. Gradient compression stockings and socks – for medium pressure
  3. Prescription compression stockings – for maximum pressure to legs and feet.
  • Sclerotherapy and closure system

In this type of treatment, an irritant is injected directly into the affected vein. When the walls of veins get irritated, they stop the blood flow through them in that area. This can reduce swelling and makes the vein to shrink in size.

Who can perform this procedure?

  1. Dermatologists
  2. Veins specialist (at Laser Vein Clinic)
  3. Plastic Surgeons
  4. Cosmetic Surgeons
  5. Trained Nurses.
  6. Laser Treatment (Our specialty)

Our trained professionals use laser to treat spider veins that are smaller than 3mm and are closer to the surface of the skin. The strong laser causes the veins to clot and dry up as a result of which they get dis-coloured and shrink.  This is a preferred approach than the injection method because it is less invasive and can be treated as day procedure.

  • Endovenous Laser Therapy (EVLT)

This method is employed to treat spider veins and small varicose veins. Doctor / The specialist will have to make a small incision in the affected vein and inserts a laser fiber. This fiber applies heat directly to the vein and causes it to collapse. However, this may take up to a year to make the swelling to disappear.  This procedure is done under local anesthesia.