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Best Hospital for Vascular Disease Treatment in Chennai

4 Minimally Invasive Types of treatments for Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are a common occurrence in adults, occurring when the valves of your veins fail to
work properly and allow blood to pool in them. This pooling causes the vein walls to become swollen
and twisted – leading to unpleasant symptoms such as aching legs, heaviness, throbbing, cramping
and swelling. The condition can affect any age group, but it is most commonly seen in adults.
There are several minimally invasive treatments available at the best hospital for varicose vein
treatment in Chennai today that offer effective relief without having to undergo traditional vein
surgery. These treatments include:

Sclerotherapy

Sclerotherapy is known as one of the best treatments for varicose veins in Chennai. It involves
injecting a solution into the veins, causing them to collapse and seal shut. Patients who undergo
sclerotherapy typically feel minimal discomfort during the procedure, as only local anaesthesia is
used so that no pain is felt during the injections themselves. After the procedure, patients may
experience swelling and tenderness in the affected area, which usually subsides within a few weeks.

Radiofrequency Ablation

Another minimally invasive treatment for varicose veins is Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) which
delivers heat to the affected area to seal them closed. During the procedure, a catheter with an
electrode at its tip is inserted through small incisions into the vein and radiofrequency energy is then
applied to heat and collapse the walls of the vein, thus sealing it shut. RFA is often preferred over
traditional surgery since it involves a shorter recovery time and fewer risks of complications.

Laser Treatment

Laser Treatment for varicose veins uses a special device to deliver an intense burst of light energy
directly onto the vein, causing it to collapse and shrink. This procedure is typically performed in an
outpatient setting and does not require any form of sedation. The benefit of laser treatments is that
they can be completed quickly, with minimal discomfort or downtime afterward. During the
procedure, patients may feel some mild heat or stinging sensations in their legs; however, this
should subside shortly after treatment ends.

Endovenous Thermal Ablation

It is another best varicose vein treatments in Chennai that utilizes heat to close off the affected vein.
It is typically used for larger, more severe varicose veins and is performed under local anesthesia.
The procedure involves inserting a small catheter into the vein and slowly advancing it up the vein
toward the groin. Using ultrasound imaging to ensure accuracy, radiofrequency or laser energy is
then released through the catheter to heat up and collapse the affected vein walls. This not only
closes off the targeted vein but also improves blood flow in other nearby veins.

Thus, varicose veins are a common problem caused by poor circulation and weakened valves in the
veins of the legs. They can be painful, unattractive, and cause discomfort during everyday activities.
Luckily, minimally invasive treatments are available, but each treatment has its benefits and
drawbacks, so it is essential to discuss your options with a qualified healthcare provider before
making a decision.

Simple Ways to Treat Varicose Veins at Home

Varicose veins that occur at some point in almost 20% of adults can be treated based on the symptoms of concern. The appearance of swollen and enlarged veins along the skin surface of legs and feet is more of a cosmetic concern in women. Treatment options range from self-care to minor surgery. There are ways one can adopt to reduce the undesired ugly appearance of distorted veins. First and foremost simple measures to achieve better appealing legs and get rid of unwanted body art with varicose veins are a combination of lifestyle modifications. Self-care methods can help prevent new varicose and spider veins and help subside but cannot get rid of existing dysfunctional veins.

Exercise

Regular exercise enhances blood circulation in the legs which help to push along the blood that has collected in the veins. Exercise also helps to lower blood pressure which is a common contributing factor to varicose veins. Even something as simple as walking boasts some seriously incredible benefits in controlling varicose veins. As walking is a very low-impact workout, it is especially good for people who suffer from varicose veins. Walking is a simple movement that helps strengthen calf muscles without much jarring or pounding that may cause strain. By strengthening calf muscles, improved circulation benefits those with varicose veins thus minimizing the appearance of bulging veins.

Pedaling on a static cycle or an elliptical is another great option for reducing symptoms of varicose veins. These exercise machines are low-impact like walking and aid even more in working calf muscles that help with the blood flow through the legs. Swimming and yoga are similar exercises that have an advantage without the risk of placing additional stress on circulation. Leg exercises that are easy to do at home and don’t require any equipment are also highly beneficial in subsiding the swelling of veins. Bicycle legs, calf rises, side leg lifts, and rocking are some of the simple exercises that can be started with just a few reps at a time and slowly build up strength and increase the number of repetitions. Depending on the severity of varicose veins, it is better to stay on the safe side and refrain from certain exercises such as running and weight lifting that may have a great deal of strain and pressure on the veins.

Exercising with varicose veins benefits the symptoms of varicose veins. By carefully choosing suitable workouts and not pushing too far, the benefits of exercising can be highly relieving but it is suggested to consult with a vein specialist to ensure that exercising does not cause additional damage to the diseased veins.

Compression stockings

Compression stockings help to reduce the ugly appearance and painful symptoms associated with varicose veins. Elastic compression wear works its way by applying pressure to the legs. The simple principle behind these compression garments is that they compress swollen veins, increasing the velocity of venous blood flow to aid the muscles and veins to push blood upwards towards the heart and thus prevent the pooling of blood in the veins of the leg. Stockings are typically knee or thigh-high. Prescription compression stockings exert the greatest amount of pressure and are fitted by a specialist to ensure that they are effective. Compression stockings are recommended to be worn during the day because sitting upright and standing are more likely to cause circulation problems.

Posture correction

Certain circumstances like a job that demands long-standing time can lead to the worsening of varicosity. Sitting in one position for a prolonged period of time seems to be the present trend of workstation requirements. Organization of the workspace is an important aspect. There should be enough room to move around and change body position. Changing body positions improves blood supply to the working muscles and contribute to the reduction of muscle fatigue and swelling of veins. Sitting cross-legged and having poor posture are other common mistakes that cause the pooling of blood giving the leg an out-of-shape appearance. Elevating the legs whenever possible makes it easier for the blood to return.

Modifications

Other possible changes that can be easily carried out in everyday life to avoid the unpleasant appearance of varicose veins are:

  • Wear non-restrictive loose-fitting clothes. Waist-constricting garments can bottleneck surface blood flow making varicose veins bulge and appear shapeless.
  • Avoid wearing heeled footwear as the raised posture weakens calf muscles, leading to blood pooling and swollen veins.
  • Foods that are salty or rich in sodium can cause the body to retain water, so cutting down on salt and sodium intake can lessen the swelling. Foods such as almonds, lentils, and leafy greens which are high in potassium can help to reduce water retention. Dietary changes with more foods rich in fiber and flavonoids improve blood circulation and are known to help shrink varicose veins.

Medical Intervention

Surgical advancements have made it easy to get rid of the “purple snake effect” that varicose veins can give the leg. With minimally invasive procedures, one can, not only get rid of repulsive varicose veins permanently but also find a solution for symptomatic varicose veins. An added advantage is that these are performed by surgeons as simple out-patient procedures requiring no hospital stay and the convenience of an immediate return to everyday activities.

Sclerotherapy is a non-surgical procedure that involves only a direct injection of a sclerosant into the damaged vein. The benefit of Sclerotherapy for patients with varicose veins is that it makes damaged veins collapse so that venous blood flow gets redirected through healthy veins and thus prevents chronic swelling mainly for those with cosmetic complaints. 

Endo Venous Laser therapy is done using energy from a Laser that creates intense local heat to destroy the walls of the vein. This procedure allows to close off the problem vein successfully but leaves it in place thus minimizing bleeding and bruising. This procedure offers less pain, faster healing, and a return to work with almost invisible cosmetic changes.  

VenaSeal closure system procedure is the latest medical advent that allows utmost patient comfort and minimizes recovery time in the treatment of varicose veins. The VenaSeal system is the only non-thermal, non-tumescent, non-sclerosant procedure that uses a formulated medical adhesive to seal or close the diseased vein, thereby allowing blood to get rerouted through neighboring healthy veins. This procedure ensures utmost patient comfort and requires only a bandage to be placed at the access site after the procedure. The superior relief over other procedures in terms of patient compliance is that the VenaSeal Closure system does not require compression stockings during the recovery period after the procedure.

What are some home remedies for varicose veins?

What are Varicose Veins?

Before we learn about home remedies for varicose veins, we need to know what varicose veins are. Varicose Veins are a condition where the veins in certain parts of the body get enlarged, swollen and twisted. They can be seen distinctly, just under the skin and often appear blue or purple. Varicose veins are most commonly observed in the legs.

Did you know that around 20 per cent of adults experience Varicose Veins?

Home remedies for Varicose Veins

There are numerous medical treatments available for Varicose Veins. However, there also exists some home remedies that one can follow to prevent, reduce or even cure Varicose Veins. Some of them are listed below;

  1. Clothes

Avoid wearing tight clothing like skinny jeans, uncomfortable leggings, under-sized socks, stockings, etc. These kinds of clothes can restrict blood circulation. Unrestricted blood circulation is of great importance in the fight against varicose veins.

  • Sleeping Position

Since varicose veins occur more often in the legs, it is advisable to sleep in a position where the legs are slightly elevated. Keeping a pillow underneath the legs during sleep is a simpler solution.

  • Sitting Position

One should always be mindful of their sitting position if he/she has a history, of symptoms or is affected by Varicose Veins. Crossing the legs while sitting should be avoided at all times because it would restrict smooth blood flow and may also cause physical pain depending upon the severity of the condition.

  • Food

Food rich in fiber and potassium is highly recommended. Cutting down the salt in daily diet is also suggested to prevent water retention.

  • Exercise

Exercising is a great way to lower the risk of varicose veins. It helps to lower a person’s blood pressure and also improves the circulation of blood in the body. This prevents the blood from being collected in the veins. Some recommended exercises are;

  • Running
  • Jogging
  • Cycling
  • Swimming
  • Dancing
  • Compression Stockings

These are available in stores that sell medical equipment. These stockings apply some pressure to the veins letting more blood flow toward the heart.  Knee-high stockings are also available. People using knee-high stockings have reported a reduction in swelling and pain after one week of using them.

  • Herbs / Plant-based foods:

Horse Chestnut Extract (Aesculus Hippocastanum L) – Extract derived from these nuts has proven to reduce leg pain, heaviness, and also itching in people suffering from chronic venous insufficiency, which is a major cause of varicose veins.

Sea Pine Extract (Pinus Maritima), and Butcher’s broom extract (Ruscus Aculeatus) both help in reducing leg swelling or edema associated with this condition.

  • Massaging the area:

Gently massaging the affected areas can help blood move through the veins. You can use massage oil or moisturizer for easier massaging. Avoid pressing the veins directly.

  • Be on the move as much as possible:

Try to get up and take a stroll at regular intervals if you are sitting for a longer time. This helps in smoother blood flow.

Difference between Varicose and Spider veins

Spider Veins Vs Varicose Veins

If you have read through any of our other blog articles, by now you would be familiar with what varicose veins are, how varicose veins are formed and what are the available treatment options at our clinic and elsewhere in Chennai.

Spider veins are small, typically damaged veins that can become visible on the surface of the skin, usually skin or face. They are not painful or harmful. How and why do these spider veins form?

Veins carry blood to our heart. They are a one way channel similar to arteries which does the opposite job. They contain valves which restrict the flow of blood in only one direction. When these valves are damaged or become weak for various reasons such as age or any other reason, the blood will not be moved to the heart easily and gets stuck in that areas causing them to bulge. These bulged veins are called spider veins and the colour one can notice is red, blue or purple.

Difference between Spider Veins and Varicose Veins:

Varicose veins are larger and more prominently visible when they form. They form as lumps or twisted and doesn’t have any colour most of the times. Some times, they may look red in colour.

Whereas spider veins are small, thin lines that may be little raised than varicose veins. They are often blue, red or purple and the colour is clearly visible in most cases.

Symptoms of varicose veins:

  1. Pain
  2. Itching
  3. Bleeding
  4. Swelling of legs and/or ankles
  5. Pain and heavy feeling in legs.

What causes spider veins?

As said, when the valves inside the veins become weak, the veins swell / bulge causing this condition. Some prefer to get them treated and some will leave it as it is because they are not painful or harmful. Most people get it done for cosmetic reasons. Here are some risk factors that result in Spider Veins:

  1. Pregnancy – Due to higher blood flow during pregnancy, some women might notice spider veins in legs. Most of the times, they disappear after delivery but for some, they remain permanent.
  2. Women are more susceptible to spider veins than men.
  3. Spider veins form for some who are old. Age is a factor, with age, the valves in the veins weaken causing this condition.
  4. Being overweight, sitting for a long time, sun damage, genetics are other reasons why spider veins are formed.

Treatment options for spider veins:

Mostly they are harmless but as said, some prefer to get them treated for cosmetic reasons.

  1. If these spider veins are formed on legs, compression stockings can help reduce the swelling. 

Types of compression stockings:

  1. Support pantyhose – they provide light pressure on the veins
  2. Gradient compression stockings and socks – for medium pressure
  3. Prescription compression stockings – for maximum pressure to legs and feet.
  • Sclerotherapy and closure system

In this type of treatment, an irritant is injected directly into the affected vein. When the walls of veins get irritated, they stop the blood flow through them in that area. This can reduce swelling and makes the vein to shrink in size.

Who can perform this procedure?

  1. Dermatologists
  2. Veins specialist (at Laser Vein Clinic)
  3. Plastic Surgeons
  4. Cosmetic Surgeons
  5. Trained Nurses.
  6. Laser Treatment (Our specialty)

Our trained professionals use laser to treat spider veins that are smaller than 3mm and are closer to the surface of the skin. The strong laser causes the veins to clot and dry up as a result of which they get dis-coloured and shrink.  This is a preferred approach than the injection method because it is less invasive and can be treated as day procedure.

  • Endovenous Laser Therapy (EVLT)

This method is employed to treat spider veins and small varicose veins. Doctor / The specialist will have to make a small incision in the affected vein and inserts a laser fiber. This fiber applies heat directly to the vein and causes it to collapse. However, this may take up to a year to make the swelling to disappear.  This procedure is done under local anesthesia.